60,000 Tarahumaras live at
the southwest of Chihuahua,
in the low lands of the Occidental Sierra Madre. Although they have
been Christianized since the sixteenth century, they still kept
some traditional beliefs. They honor their ancestral Gods on the
very same days of the catholic celebrations. For the Holy Week,
they dance during three days and three nights in a row in order
to hasten the arrival of the rain season. They also organize men
and women running races between villages and bet on them.
You meet them in villages when they sell their
craft. They eat mainly potatoes, beans and corn tortillas. They
live on farming (culture and cattle). They are not demonstrative.
They don’t like pictures but are not aggressive.
They live in family groups on the surrounding highlands, along rios.
These rios are dry half year long. When the cold weather arrives,
they go down at the bottom of the canyons. They are different from
the other Indian groups in
Mexico because of their will of remoteness. They
are farmers : the men devote themselves to the culture of corn and
red beans, their staple diet. The women take care of the house,
the children and the fabrication of craft. When they are not working,
they spend time in contemplation. It is a system of thinking founded
on the spiritual quest for happiness and a higher personal conscience.
They are parted in several autonomous communities; each village
has his own governor, elected by the whole village according his
knowledge and his implication in the everyday life. This people
survive thanks to his religion and beliefs. Their practices are
a mix of many ancestral rites with Catholicism brought by the Jesuits
during the Colonization of Mexico. They have dominical
meetings in the church as well as ceremonial in tribute to the stars,
specially the sun and the moon.
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