Oaxaca State, the most Indian state in Mexico,
has a capital also called Oaxaca.
It is located at 1,545 m (5069 feet) of altitude in a valley surrounded
by arid mountains. It has a mild and pleasant climate all year round.
It remains a charming quiet town not spoiled by industrialization.
On Saturdays, there is one of the more colorful markets (mercado
de Abastos) in Mexico, where the Indians of
the region, mainly Zapotecs, come to sell their products and crafts.
One can find green enamel ceramic, the famous black ceramic, wool
sarapes from Teotitlán del Valle,
rebozos from Mitlá,
wickerwork and many other wooden objects.
The name of the state "Huaxyaca" means "close
to the place of the acacias".