The Yoremes are the descendants of the ancient populations of the
Huatabampo culture. They carry the cultural traditions of Sonora.
It is the most important ethnic group in the state. The population
is estimated to 75,000 inhabitants. They still speak their dialect.
So they differ from the other Indigenous communities that tend to
They call themselves « Yoreme » or « The one
who respects the tradition » in opposition to the «
Yori » - «the one who doesn’t respect the tradition
According to the legend, the word Mayo means « the people
of the River ».
The Mayo region is located in the south part of Sonora.
The communities live in the municipalities of Alamos, Quiriego,
Navojoa, Etchojoa and Huatabampo.
It is said that the Mayos are part of the Yaquis communities because
of their language with roots from the Yaqui and Guarijio dialect.
They have docilely listened to the Spanish evangelic teachers and
they learned, at the same time, how to farm and breed domestic animals.
They now built houses in « adobe » (big clay and straw
bricks) or ladrillos (red bricks). The ceilings are made of carrizo
(bamboo branches) covered with clay and straw glue together.
can often see their houses adorned with a cross made of palofierro
(iron tree) in order to protect them from evil.
Craft is not a fundamental activity in the Mayo economy. They make
objects for domestic usage.
They make blankets, weaved wool rugs, water clay pitchers, wicker
baskets with different forms and music instruments such as harp
Nature remains their guide and it shows in their rituals, songs
and dances, especially in the dance of the « venado »
(deer) and the « pascola ». They keep wearing traditional
clothes during the rituals and celebrations. These traditional clothes
preserve this special relationship with the world of supernatural
Diverse masks with horsehair, the belt of « cascabel »
(rattle snake) in metal and ankle braces made of butterfly cocoons
filled with pebbles (tenaboim) to imitate the noise of the cascabel
complete their clothes.
One of their saying is « God created gold for the Yoris and
the tools for the Yoremes ». The nature remains their mentor.
They have a very rich culture of traditional medicine practiced
by the curanderos or curanderas in every community. They use plants
but also amulets. Their cures are a mix of faith and magic.
In order to protect these traditions, the Sonora
authorities of popular culture organizes meetings of traditional
medicines. Exclusive helps have been put in place by botanic gardens
to help preserving the endangered medicinal plants. They also have
herbalist stores where you can buy medicinal plants.
The ceremonies of the Yoremes are very important. Almost every celebration
is linked to the Catholic Church and the liturgical calendars.
The most important celebrations are the Semana Santa, Santísima
Trinidad, San José, San Ignacio de Loyola, la Santa Cruz,
Virgen de Guadalupe, Día de Muertos and Lent.
Text prepared by Marie Resplandy, founder and manager of the French-Mexican Association AFG AC, official correspondent in Sonora for France
Expatriate and consular delegate for the General Consulate France in Mexico, living always in the state of Sonora since more than 10 years.
Link Asociacion French-Mexican AFG AC : www.lsiaug.net/afg/
French General Consulate in Mexico : www.consulfrance-mexico.org/
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