Its area is 80 137 km2 (30,535 sq miles) and it is surrounded
by the states of : Nayarit,
Zacatecas and Aguascalientes
to the north, Zacatecas, San
Luis Potosí, Guanajuato
and Michoacán Ocampo
to the east, Michoacán
Ocampo, Colima and the Pacific
Ocean to the south, the Pacific Ocean and Nayarit
to the west.
The State of Jalisco covers also about 300 km (186 miles) of
The state is divided in 4 geological areas: the Sierra Madre Occidental
to the north, the Mesa del Centro to the very north of the state,
the neo-volcanic axis located at the center of the state and the
Sierra Madre del Sur, located in the western part of the state.
There are high summits like :
Volcano Nevado de Colima: 4,260m or 13,977 feet above sea level
Sierra Tapalpa: 2,880 m or 9,449 feet
Volcán de Colima: 3,820 m or 12,534 feet.
Volcán Tequila: 2,940 m or 9,646 feet
Sierra de Los Huicholes: 2,860 m or 9,351 feet
Sierra El Madroño: 2,960 m or 9,744 feet
Sierra San Isidro: 2,860 m or 9,351 feet
Sierra Manantlán: 2,840 m or 9,253 feet.
Jalisco coast borders the Pacific Ocean over 280 km (174 miles.
Chapala Lake is a big water
reservoir for the state and the city of Guadalajara.
It is 85 km (279ft) long by 27 km (88 ft) wide.
The state has huge climatic differences due to geographical variations
and the influence of the rivers.
The rainy season runs from June to September. The maximum amount
of hail occurs in July and August. Winter is the dry season. The
hottest months are May and June.
Coastal Region: hot and humid. Average annual temperature: 22°
to 26°C; 70°F to 80°F.
Northern and Northwestern Region: predominance of dry weather.
Average temperature: 10°C to 19° C; 50°F to 65°F.
Central Region: predominance of moderate climate. Average temperature:
19°C or 65°F.
Eastern Region: predominance of moderate climate. Average temperature:
16°C to 18° C; 60°F to 68°F.
Western Region: predominance of moderate climate to hot. Average
temperature: 18°C to 22°C; 68°F to 72°F.
Southern Region: predominance of moderate climate. Average temperature:
less than 16°C (60°F).
The inhabitants of the state are concentrated in the regions with
natural resources and well developed infrastructures. The majority
of the population is in the semi-tropical valleys and in the highlands
with moderate climate. The hot and swampy coastal regions are
There are 51.4% women and 48.6% men in the state of Jalisco.
Total Population (in 2000): 6,322,002 people
Density (people by km2): 78.9
Urban Population: 5,345,302 people
Rural Population: 976,700 people
Due to its geographical characteristics, the state has a huge
variety of resources that can be used by different productive
sectors. The state represents 6.4% of the national GNP and ranks
the fourth in the country.
National ranking by sector :
Agriculture : among the leaders
Production : 4th place
Business : 3rd place
Services : 3rd place
Construction : 4th place
Mining : 20th place
Fishing : 15th place
Communications and transportation : 3rd place
Agriculture: corn grain, corn forage, sugar cane
Livestock: pork, cattle, poultry
Fabrication: fabric, clothing, leather, products made of metal
Fishing: mojarra, carp and other species
Forest: conifers and pines
Other: milk, honey and eggs
From México City, the most
direct road going to Guadalajara
is the highway via Toluca. From
take the National 200 to Compostela and then the highway to Guadalajara.
The two biggest cities in Mexico are 542 km (346
miles) apart. Guadalajara
is located 325 km (202 miles) from Puerto
Vallarta, 313 km (194 miles) from Manzanillo
and 223 km (138 miles) from León.
History of the state of Jalisco :
Map of state :
celebrations and traditions
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