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Hidalgo state
 Page updated on 03.10.2015
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Up North from Mexico City is the State of HIDALGO (Hid).

The State of Hidalgo is covered with fields of agave. Agave plants need about 10 years of culture in order to mature for harvesting. The plant blooms only once. It can produce up to 500 liters of juice, in several months. The agave plant is used for the production of tequila and mezcal. Its fibers are used for making ropes and fabrics. Hidalgo is a 20 860 km2 (5155000 acres) state surrounded by the states of San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Tlaxcala, Puebla, State of Mexico and Querétaro. The capital of the State has 296 000 habitants.

The capital of its state is Pachuca

The capital PACHUCA, also called « the windy beauty », was an important gold and silver mining center in colonial time. The mining exploitation is still active. The architecture of the old city looks like the other mining cities in Mexico. Oddly enough, the city doesn’t have a lot of religious buildings. However, there are beautiful haciendas to be visited all around, among them the hacienda of San Miguel Regla, converted into a hotel (3 km or 2 miles from the city).
You still can visit the old city, starting in Independence Square dominated by the Reloj Monumental, an imposing tower of the neo-classical clock with an eight bell chime. Close by, on the south-east side of this square, is an old religious building dating from the sixteenth century. This is the convent of San Francisco which houses, nowadays, the Centro Cultural of Hidalgo. It displays an important collection of photographs dating from the early twentieth century. You can see, among others, documents about the revolution of 1910 and works of the photographer Tina Modotti. You can visit free museums like the State Museum of Hidalgo (open 9 AM-6 PM Tue-Sun, $39) or the Museum of the Photography at the same place (open 11 AM-6 PM, Tue-Sun). You can buy reproductions of some of the 900, 000 photos.

Attractions outside the capital ?

Two small cities located at the north-east of the city organize a market, on Monday in Ixmiquilpan and on Thursday in Actopán. In Ixmiquilpan, you can admire the local craft, especially the production of the Otomís Indians (textiles and wooden objects). In Actopán, enjoy the visit of the templo y convento San Nicolas Tolentino (open 10 AM-5 PM, Tue-Sun, $35), founded in 1548 by the Augustinians. You will notice the Moorish influence, rather rare in the religious architecture of Mexico.

Map of the both villages : and


The hikers don’t have to miss the Parque Nacional El Chico, located at 30 km (20 miles) from Pachuca. The well marked hiking and mountain bike trails cross thick forests of oaks and pines growing among strange rocky formations, a favorite for the climbers. Rivers and dams allow fishing. You can also stroll in the picturesque streets of the old mining city of Mineral del Chico.

view of Real del Monte Pedro Romero de Terreros, count de Regla, revived the mining activities of the region. He had huge tunnels drilled to carry water and mine new silver veins. The mine of Real del Monte produced more than half the silver exploited during the colonization. With 4000 km (2500 miles) of tunnels, this mine is the biggest in the world; a church was built between the 3rd and the 5th level. It is the only mine which is allowed to put its seal « Real del Monte » as a warranty of the silver titration even on the silver market in London. The village of Real del Monte has been inscribed on the list of the magic villages ("pueblo mágico") since 2004. A new strategy of promotion of small cities and villages called "magic villages" was set up by the Mexican Tourism Department.

     Right picture : view of Real del Monte

You can access the Barranca de Tolantongo from Actopán via a small uneven road. The cascade with clear water, the caves and the hot springs make this canyon one of the most beautiful natural sites in Mexico.

The Metztitlán Biosphere Reserve (in the center-east of the state) is also worth the visit. The fauna and flora are abundant. There, traditional farming is practiced. The Laguna of Metztitlán abounds in fish.

Huasca de Ocampo ("pueblo mágico") is also worth the visit. It is a picturesque village famous for its Haciendas de Beneficio where was processed the ore. The Hacienda San Miguel de Regla offers guided visits of the old installations. This nice hacienda, dating from the seventeenth century, is surrounded by gardens and lakes. It comprises a private chapel, an aqueduct, boats and rooms with fireplace. Santa Maria Regla, a little further, comprises vaulted cellars and courtyards with stone grinders and metal ovens.

The history of the state and its capital :

Localize Pachuca and its points of interest on our interactive map

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