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Suburbs of Guadalajara
 Page updated on 03.10.2015
 
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TLAQUEPAQUE, ZAPÓPAN and TONALÁ
are the three big suburbs at the north and south of Guadalajara. But these suburbs are more agglomerations because of their size.

There are about 5,000 artisans in pottery, ceramics and blown glass in this area of Jalisco.

TLAQUEPAQUE 6 km or 4 miles south from the city)

Parroquía of San Pedro In the center, there is a huge esplanade called El Parián (meaning literally: "public market of diverse things)". There is no Zócalo, like in other Mexican cities because the shaded sector of the place is completely occupied by restaurants, cantinas and stores and animated by the Mariachis. Tlaquepaque has been famous for its pottery and other crafts for a long time. It has the biggest traditional concentration in Mexico. Although the quality of the objects is not the same since industrialization, you will still be tempted by stoneware, wooden objects, dresses, hand weaved textiles, stain, wrought iron, laminated glass and ceramics. Note the Museum of Ceramics, (open 10 AM-6 PM, Tue-Sat and 9 AM-4 PM, Sun; free admission), housed in an old colonial mansion on Calle Independencia. This walking street leads to the main plaza, the Jardin Hidalgo and the byzantine-neoclassical sanctuary (eighteenth century) of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad. By the side, the Franciscans built the Parroquía de San Pedro in 1813.

    Right picture : Parroquía of San Pedro




Map of Tlaquepaque :


ZAPÓPAN

About 4 miles (7 km) north from Guadalajara, Zapópan almost became a neighborhood of the city because of the fast urban and demographic development. The main asset of the city is home of the Virgin of Zapopan : the city is the scene of the most picturesque and amazing religious tradition in all of Mexico, tradition centered on the Virgin : Our lady of Zapópan. This virgin appeared in Mexican history in 1531, during a battle between Spanish and Chimalhuacano Indians. Since the issue of the fight wasn’t clear, Antonio de Segovia, a Spanish Franciscan friar displayed, from a hillock, a banner with the image of the Virgin. The Indians, scared, surrendered and were converted to Christianity.
Paradoxically, this Virgin, originally responsible for the Indian defeat and the ally of the white invaders, underwent a strange "conversion": She became the Patron Saint revered by the Indian population of Mexico. Due to her short size, the statue of the Virgin of Zapópan was affectionately nicknamed Zapopanita (little lady of Zapópan).
To go back to the tradition we were talking about, it is a procession, or more exactly a pilgrimage of the statue from June to October. And during more than four months, she visits and blesses the different churches of Guadalajara and its agglomeration (more than 30 parishes). In every parish she stays, there are celebrations with fireworks. She leaves the Cathedral of Guadalajara on October, 12 to go back to Zapópan. The tradition started in 1734, when the city was devastated by the plague. The bishop of the city, Gomez de Cervantes allowed the statue of the Zapopanita to be taken where the plague was at its height. When she is not travelling, the Virgin’s home is the Basilica of Nuestra Señora de la Expectación. This church was built on September 8, 1730, and features a tiled mudéjar (Spanish-Moorish) dome and a Plateresque facade. Wearing a blue dress and a crimson coat, the Patron Saint proudly sits above the high altar. The church dominates the main place of Zapópan (open daily 10 AM-8 PM).


Guadalajara and Zapopan
If you have time, you can visit the Museo Huichol Wixarica de Zapópan which displays the art and traditions of the Huichols Indians of northern Jalisco and its neighbor states of Zacatecas and Nayarit (open 9:30 AM-5:30 PM. Mon-Sat and 10 AM-3 PM, Sun; MXN$6). It is located ave. Hidalgo # 152 Centro).






TONALÁ
mask of TonaláA little further than Tlaquepaque, Tonalá is a charming little village where you can find nice potteries and ceramics. This old village is serviced by the bus 275, (departure on Avenida 16 de Septiembre), like Tlaquepaque.

Located 9 miles (15 km) southeast from Guadalajara, this village is known for its workshops of pottery and blown glass. Tonalá means “city where the sun rises” or “city of sun” in Náhuatl. It was temporarily the capital of the New Galicia until a shortage of water made the inhabitants leave. Every Thursday and Sunday, there is a huge craft market (tianguis or open-market since the Pre-Hispanic time) famous in the whole country for the diversity of its products. It is huge and popular. Not to be missed. It is worth it. You can obtain excellent deals. Bargaining is mandatory ! If the days don’t fit your schedule, you can visit the workshops and shops featuring earthenware, blown glass, wrought iron, stained glass, papier maché and copper craft, wickerwork and wooden objects. The prices will be the same but you will miss the special atmosphere of the market ! Visit also the Casa de los Artesanos (Ave. de los Tonaltecas Sur # 140, open Mon-Fri and Sat morning) which displays a noticeable production from about fifty local artisans.

      Above picture : mask of Tonalá



Map of Tonalá :

 

Walk around Tlaquepaque
 



History of the state of Jalisco :

 



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