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Guadalajara : capital
 Page updated on 03.10.2015
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Its nickname is the "Pearl of Occident", pearl because of its colonial style beauty and Occident because of its location in the western part of the central plateau of Mexico. The city has the same latitude as Hawaii and an altitude of 1550 m (5,091ft). It is perched on a plateau above the rich Valley of Atimapac.
Guadalajara, whose name comes from the Spanish city close to Madrid, means, "flow of the river under the rocks". Founded the 14th of February 1542 by the Conquistador Nuño de Guzmán, it was designed as Capital of New Galicia by a royal order. Its large avenues, splendid parks, places and monuments are the witnesses of a historic past whose inhabitants are proud of. Spend time in Guadalajara to discover its wealth and enjoy its charm. Spring is eternal there. The city has one of the best climates in North America : clear, dry and mild, with an average temperature of 19.2 °C (68°F) and a rainy season from June to October.
Its inhabitants proudly carry the nickname of Indian origin : the Tapatios, « Three times dignified ». The city preserved the colonial architecture downtown.

With about 4,096,000 inhabitants (metropolitan area), Guadalajara, the second largest city in Mexico, is the birthplace of many traditions : the mariachis, the charreada (Mexican rodeo), the jarabe (hat with large brim) and tequila.

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