The different ethnic groups of Sonora
The Indigenous of Sonora have been
seen for ever as the tallest and strongest Indigenous in Mexico.
They were part into 9 tribes, among them 8 are still there and 7
of them have been in Sonora for
more than 100 years.
The first people of Sonora were
rich in beliefs, traditions and ideology. They built a unique land
by fighting the forces of the desert.
The Guarijíos are the ethnic group of Sonora with the more
diverse craft. They use natural material such as palm, clay and
natural branches and fibers to make baskets and hats among other
Yoremes are the descendants of the ancient populations of the Huatabampo
culture. They carry the cultural traditions of Sonora.
It is the most important ethnic group of the state. The population
is estimated to 75,000 inhabitants.
Like the Jovas and the Eudeves, the Ópatas are not an ethnic
group anymore. The word Ópata means « hostile people
» in Pima dialect.
ethnic group is located in the desert between Sonora
and Arizona. The most beautiful pieces of their craft are baskets.
The « coritas », baskets and flags made of palms and
desert plants picked up, prepared and weaved by the women.
They called themselves O'ob, meaning "the people".
The Pima word designs a range of Indigenous groups such as the Pimas
of the desert, the Pimas of the mountain and the Pimas Gileños.
are located in the center-west of the state, mainly by Tiburón
Island, the biggest island in the sea of Cortez that they own. Craft
is a very important economic activity for them.
It is the most representative ethnic group in Sonora.
They are spread out on eight villages. They have their own governors.
They enviously preserved their language, traditions, lands and water.
It is the smallest ethnic group. It is located at the north-west
of the state, in San Luís Río Colorado municipality,
at the border with the USA. Actually, this bi-national ethnic group
of Sonora is almost dead.
ethnic group Kikapú of Sonora
is an endangered Indigenous group. The traditional celebrations
and rites are lost. They are Christian now.
Text prepared by Marie Resplandy, founder and manager of the French-Mexican Association AFG AC, official correspondent in Sonora for France
Expatriate and consular delegate for the General Consulate France in Mexico, living always in the state of Sonora since more than 10 years.
Link Asociacion French-Mexican AFG AC : www.lsiaug.net/afg/
French General Consulate in Mexico : www.consulfrance-mexico.org/
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